Birthstones for each month are gemstones that are associated with each month of the year. They are believed to have been popularized during the 18th century, although the idea of wearing a gemstone for good luck or protection dates back thousands of years
Garnet stone is a gemstone that occurs in a variety of colors, including red, brown, green, yellow, orange, pink, and purple. It has a hardness of 6.5 to 7.5 on the Mohs scale, making it a durable gemstone suitable for use in jewelry.
The most common type of garnet stone used in jewelry is almandine garnet, which has a deep red color. Other popular varieties include spessartine garnet, which is orange in color, and tsavorite garnet, which is green.
Garnet stone is often cut into faceted shapes, such as round, oval, or cushion, to enhance its brilliance and color. It can also be cut into cabochons or carved into decorative shapes. Garnet is often used as a birthstone for those born in January, and is believed to bring good luck and protection to its wearer.
The History of Birthstones
The tradition of wearing a birthstone is thought to have originated from the breastplate of Aaron, a biblical figure and the brother of Moses. According to the book of Exodus in the Old Testament, the breastplate contained twelve stones, each representing one of the twelve tribes of Israel. The stones were set in four rows of three, with each row corresponding to a different season of the year.
Over time, people began to associate the twelve stones with the twelve months of the year. In the first century, a Jewish historian named Josephus wrote about the twelve stones in his book Antiquities of the Jews. He suggested that wearing a particular stone during its corresponding month would bring good luck and health to the wearer.
The first official list of birthstones was created in 1912 by the National Association of Jewelers in the United States. The list has since been revised several times, with the most recent update made in 2002. The modern list of birthstones is as follows:
- January: Garnet
- February: Amethyst
- March: Aquamarine
- April: Diamond
- May: Emerald
- June: Pearl or Alexandrite
- July: Ruby
- August: Peridot
- September: Sapphire
- October: Opal or Tourmaline
- November: Citrine or Topaz
- December: Turquoise or Tanzanite
The Significance of Birthstones
Each birthstone is believed to have a different meaning and significance. In ancient times, people believed that wearing a particular stone could bring good luck, ward off evil spirits, and provide protection against disease and harm.
Today, many people still believe in the power of birthstones. They may wear their birthstone as a symbol of their identity or as a way to connect with their spiritual side. Birthstones are also commonly given as gifts to mark important milestones such as birthdays, graduations, and weddings.
Let’s take a closer look at each birthstone and its significance.
- January – Garnet: A deep red gemstone that symbolizes friendship, trust, and protection.
- February – Amethyst: A purple gemstone that is believed to bring clarity, calmness, and inner strength.
- March – Aquamarine: A pale blue gemstone that is associated with youth, health, and hope.
- April – Diamond: A clear, sparkling gemstone that represents purity, clarity, and everlasting love.
- May – Emerald: A green gemstone that is associated with rebirth, growth, and success in love.
- June – Pearl or Alexandrite: Pearls symbolize purity, innocence, and humility. Alexandrite is a rare color-changing gemstone that represents good luck and fortune.
- July – Ruby: A deep red gemstone that represents love, passion, and courage.
- August – Peridot or Spinel: Peridot is a green gemstone that is believed to bring prosperity, happiness, and protection. Spinel is a rare gemstone that comes in a variety of colors and is associated with energy, vitality, and success.
- September – Sapphire: A blue gemstone that represents wisdom, truth, and loyalty.
- October – Opal or Tourmaline: Opals come in a variety of colors and are associated with creativity, inspiration, and imagination. Tourmaline is a colorful gemstone that is believed to bring balance, peace, and energy.
- November – Topaz or Citrine: Topaz comes in a variety of colors and is believed to bring strength, courage, and protection. Citrine is a yellow gemstone that represents abundance, prosperity, and success.
- December – Turquoise, Zircon, or Tanzanite: Turquoise is a blue-green gemstone that is believed to bring good fortune and protection. Zircon comes in a variety of colors and is associated with wisdom, honor, and prosperity. Tanzanite is a blue-purple gemstone that represents spiritual awareness, enlightenment, and compassion.