Capital Gains Tax (CGT) in the United Kingdom is a tax imposed on the profit or gains made from the sale or disposal of certain assets. Understanding CGT is essential for individuals and businesses engaged in transactions involving assets subject to this tax.

What is Capital Gains Tax?


Capital Gains Tax is applied to the profit made when an asset is sold or disposed of, and the disposal proceeds exceed the cost of acquisition or valuation.

Applicable Assets

Assets subject to CGT include property (not primary residences), shares, precious metals, and other personal possessions exceeding a specific value.

Calculating Capital Gains Tax

Allowable Deductions

CGT is calculated on the gain after deducting the cost of the asset, allowable expenses (such as valuation or legal fees), and reliefs or exemptions that might apply.

Rates and Thresholds

The tax rate is dependent on the individual’s total income and the type of asset being sold. As of 2023, the standard CGT rates are 10% for basic rate taxpayers and 20% for higher rate taxpayers.

Exemptions and Allowances

Annual Exemption

Every individual has an annual tax-free allowance on capital gains. The current annual exemption threshold is set at £12,300 for the tax year 2023/24.

Entrepreneur’s Relief

For qualifying business owners, Entrepreneur’s Relief reduces the CGT rate to 10% on qualifying gains, subject to certain conditions.

Exceptions and Special Cases

Principal Private Residence Relief

The sale of a primary residence is generally exempt from CGT. However, specific conditions and time frames apply.

Inheritance Tax Considerations

Assets passed on after death are subject to Inheritance Tax rather than CGT.

Reporting and Payment

Reporting Gains

Individuals and businesses are required to report gains and pay CGT within specific deadlines following the tax year in which the gains were made.


For many individuals, CGT is reported through self-assessment tax returns, with the tax due by January 31st after the end of the tax year.

Conclusion: Understanding CGT

Capital Gains Tax is a significant aspect of the UK tax system, impacting individuals and businesses involved Accountant in Leeds in asset transactions. Knowledge of exemptions, rates, and reporting requirements is crucial for effective tax planning and compliance.

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